The delivery of synthesis, unification and “integration” is so vitally important to ISGE that we insist on using several different ways to accomplish the integration. For some students, one way we integrate will work better than others. Also we attempt the integration at and on different levels of detail. So the curriculum is permeated with alternative ways to achieve the same goal or purpose. As in real systems, redundancy also protects against the failure of any one mechanism to achieve the desired function.

Redundancy is an active and ever-present consideration in the ISGE design and production processes. We perform conscious reviews of all plans in both activities to ensure that redundancy is present. What follows are pages devoted to some of our most often used, but redundant methods for ensuring significant INTEGRATION at all levels of the curriculum.