The main stimulus for design and production of the ISGE Program were the initial “seed” grants provided by the National Science Foundation. These included:

  • $99,999 from the National Science Foundation (NSF), for a pilot for the multi-year development of an Integrated Science General Education curriculum teaching six conventional sciences using systems concepts as unifying themes with computerized multimedia modules and interdisciplinary laboratories, June, 1993
  • $300,000 as a Renewal Grant entitled “Integrated science General Education by Hybrid Interdisciplinary Methods,” from the National Science Foundation , Course and Curriculum Development Program, begun June 1, 1997 to present
  • $430,000 (Cal Poly portion) of a $1.2 million grant to three CSU universities for connection to the Next Generation Internet and for testing new curricula on Internet2, from the National Science Foundation (co-authored and co-P.I.’d with Prof. Ibrahim and professors from two other CSU campuses), 1998

Both the amount of that external funding and the scientific credibility of these funding units greatly enhanced the decision-making and acceptance of the new ISGE Program. Although these occur third in the list due to geographical distance, these programs were the first and primary influence in starting the ISGE Program.